Scientific publications

Authors: Coline C.F. Boonman, Tom S. Heuts, Renske J.E.Vroom, Jeroen J.M.Geurts, Christian Fritz

Summary: Nitrogen often stimulates methane production and its release in aquatic ecosystem containing labile carbon. In this experimental work we could show that wetland plants/paludiculture crops efficiently take up nitrogen and showed an overall mitigating effect on methane emissions. Soil biogeochemistry and land-use history was of lesser importance for the 2 soils included in this study. A nice add on of this study is that mesocosm methane fluxes match very well with hectare scale fluxes of similar wetlands (after rewetting). This is extra motivation to conduct mesocosm studies testing methane mitigation techniques that can be applied on the field scale (around the globe).

Authors: Claudia Kalla Nielson and Anton Gårde Thomsen

Summary: Time domain reflectometry (TDR) measurements of the volumetric water content (θ) of soils are based on the dielectric permittivity (ε), relating ε to θ, using an empirical calibration function. Accurate determination of θ for peaty soils is vital but complicated by the complexity of organic soils and the lack of a general calibration model. Site-specific calibration models were developed to determine θ from TDR measurements for a heterogenous peatland across gradients of peat decomposition and organic carbon (OC) content; derived by soil organic matter conversion. The possibility of predicting OC contents based on the corrected θ (θcor); ε; electrical impedance (Ζ); and a categorical predictor variable was explored. The application of plot-specific and local area calibration models resulted in similar results. Compared to common calibrations, the threshold for accurate determination of θ was at ε = 5; with higher ε underestimating θ by up to 25%. Including the von Post degree of peat humification as a bioindicator, the OC content could be modelled across the area and the full range of θ with an accuracy of ±1.2% for 496 measurements. In conclusion, a strong indication was found for determining OC in peatlands in situ using TDR and a site-specific calibration model for θ together with indices of peat decomposition.

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